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Research Article |

Human Impacts on the Coastal Ecosystem of Tabounsou and Sustainable Management Measures Case of Matoto-Conakry

Context: Humanity has always interacted with its environment and the ecosystem that surrounds it. However, since the industrial era, this interaction has intensified and has had significant consequences on nature and ecosystems such as: deforestation, mining, pollution, overexploitation of natural resources are all factors that have a negative impact on biodiversity and natural resources. Despite this strong uncontrolled pressure from human activity, very few studies have been done to estimate the damage caused. However, the future of coastal fishing depends on the preservation of its ecosystem. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the impact of human activities on the coastal ecosystem of Tabounsou in order to propose corrective measures for sustainable management. Method: The methodological approach adopted was as follows: Consultation of executives and analysis of archives; Survey of stakeholders (fishermen, loggers, salt producers, farmers, local residents); Species inventory; Inventory of anthropogenic activities; Analysis of the impact of human activities on the life of aquatic organisms in the study area; sustainable management proposal and measure; Result: The consultation of executives revealed that the biggest problems are: the reduction in the surface area of the estuary through construction work, the practice of agriculture, woodcutting, salt farming, the increase in the number of actors exploiting the resources, non-compliance with fisheries legislation and the capture of juvenile fish. The survey of fishermen revealed that 83% of fishermen abandon their nets on the coasts after use and only 17% burn their nets after use. This same survey shows that the majority of fishermen frequent the coasts for fishing with a percentage of 75%. The survey of loggers reveals that 68% of the wood cut is Rhizophora, 24% of the wood cut is Avicennia and 8% is Laguncularia in the Tabounsou area. Species inventory showed us that three stocks of fish belonging to 9 families and 9 species were recorded. The species Pseudotolithus elongatus and Arius parkii are the most captured by the actors with the respective percentages of 18% and 15%. 30 farmers were surveyed, 90% of whom use fertilizers as soil fertilizer compared to only 10% who do not use fertilizer. Salt farming takes place in the dry season, in Bougna toro toro 2 actors claim a daily production of 100kg of salt; followed by Khoumawadé with a daily production of 80kg and finally followed by Toumbibougni with a daily production of 70kg.

Coastal Environment, Mitigation Measures, Sustainable Management

APA Style

Konate, D., Bangoura, Y., II Camara, O., Ahmed Bangoura, S. (2023). Human Impacts on the Coastal Ecosystem of Tabounsou and Sustainable Management Measures Case of Matoto-Conakry. American Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering, 7(4), 74-81. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajese.20230704.12

ACS Style

Konate, D.; Bangoura, Y.; II Camara, O.; Ahmed Bangoura, S. Human Impacts on the Coastal Ecosystem of Tabounsou and Sustainable Management Measures Case of Matoto-Conakry. Am. J. Environ. Sci. Eng. 2023, 7(4), 74-81. doi: 10.11648/j.ajese.20230704.12

AMA Style

Konate D, Bangoura Y, II Camara O, Ahmed Bangoura S. Human Impacts on the Coastal Ecosystem of Tabounsou and Sustainable Management Measures Case of Matoto-Conakry. Am J Environ Sci Eng. 2023;7(4):74-81. doi: 10.11648/j.ajese.20230704.12

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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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